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  • 54-in. Accel Deep™ Deck
  • Powered by 24 hp (17.9 kW)* iTorque™ Power System
  • Automotive-style power steering
  • 4-year/500-hour bumper-to-bumper warranty

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Modern styling is eye appealing and functional
    Attractive stylingAttractive styling
    Side-hood ventsSide-hood vents

    Smooth, rounded contours present a modern, styled appearance:

    • Hood styling incorporates efficient full-length air-intake louvers on each side.
      • Cooler engine operation
      • Lower operator station sound levels
    • Hot air is vented out the front grill, away from the operator.
    • Xenoy® molded-in-color hood material is very durable.
      • Excellent impact strength
      • Hides scratches
      • Will not rust or dent
    • Distinctive grille, large footrest area, and one-piece fender deck complete the styling package.

    Xenoy is a trademark of SABIC Innovative Plastics.

Frame is formed from thick steel and welded for reliability
    Heavy-duty welded frameHeavy-duty welded frame
    Front bumper/weight bracketFront bumper/weight bracket

    The frame is made of heavy-duty formed and welded steel, reinforced in critical areas for even greater strength:

    • Frame is formed from 12-gauge, 0.105-in. (2.66-mm) thick material.
    • Front bumper and hitch plate are formed from 0.25-in. (6.4-mm) steel and complete the frame assembly.
    • Front bumper can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
    • Rear hitch plate can support up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.
      • X584 requires an optional rear weight bracket.
    Optional Quik-Tatch weights
    Shown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weightsShown with four optional 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights

    The front bumper holds up to four 42-lb (19-kg) Quik-Tatch weights.

Engine is smooth running and reliable V-twin air-cooled design
    Smooth-running V-twin engineSmooth-running V-twin engine

    The tractor is powered by a John Deere iTorque™ power system, a combination of engine features and an exclusive hood design providing superior lugging ability, even cooling, and durability. Key engine features include:

    • 24 hp (17.9 kW)
    • Large 726 cc displacement
    • V-twin air-cooled design 
      • Excellent power and performance
      • Smooth, quiet power
      • Easy starts
    • Quality features include:
      • Cast-iron cylinder liners
      • Overhead valves
      • Full-pressure lubrication
      • Replaceable oil filter
      • Dual-stage air cleaner
    • Solenoid-shift starter for easy starts, even in cold weather
    Flywheel alternator

    A flywheel alternator provides plenty of capacity to quickly recharge the battery and power electrical equipment, such as lights or a sprayer:

    • 15-amp capacity
    • Regulated to keep the battery at a full charge, without risk of overcharging
Exact Adjust ports and on-board deck-leveling tools make precise deck adjustments easy
    Deck-leveling gauge and hex adjusting tool stored under tractor seatDeck-leveling gauge and hex adjusting tool stored under tractor seat
    Exact Adjust access holesExact Adjust access holes

    A mower deck must be level side-to-side and properly adjusted front-to-rear to give the best cutting performance. A removable on-board deck-leveling gauge and a hex-key tool are provided to make adjustment easy. They are securely stored under the tractor seat.

    Exact Adjust leveling ports are provided on each side of the operator platform above the mower-level adjusting bolts. With the hex-shaped tool, they provide convenient access to allow quick and easy adjustment of the mower for the best-cut quality of cut.

    The Exact Adjust feature is standard on all Select Series™ X300 and X500 Tractors:

    • There is no need to reach under the fender deck while making the mower-level adjustment.
    • On-board deck-leveling gauge, Exact Adjust ports, and the hex tool work together.
      • Level the mower deck side to side
      • Set the correct amount of rake (front-to-back deck orientation)
      • Calibrate the cutting height to the cut-height adjusting knob setting
    • Exact Adjust simplifies leveling the mower deck if equipped with a Power-Flow™ blower.
      • To give the best cut, mower level should be adjusted if alternately mowing with and without blower installed. The Exact Adjust feature makes this easy.
    Deck-leveling tool placed under deckDeck-leveling tool placed under deck
    Using included ball-hex tool to level mower deckUsing included ball-hex tool to level mower deck

    Consult the operator's manual for the correct adjusting procedures for each tractor model. Basic adjusting steps to properly level the mower deck include:

    • Park the tractor on a level surface.
    • Inflate tires to the correct pressure.
    • Consult the label for the cutting-height knob that is located on the console of the machine. This label shows deck-leveling position and location of deck-leveling adjustment points.
    • Set mower cutting-height knob to the correct deck-leveling position.
      • For X300 models, use position 2.75
      • For all other models, use position 2.5
    • Adjust mower wheels as necessary so they do not contact the ground surface.
    • Remove the onboard deck-leveling gauge that is located under the seat.
    • Using the Exact Adjust ports and tool, adjust mower deck side-to-side level so the deck-leveling gauge just slips under the left and right lower deck rim at the designated adjustment points. The location of adjustment points will vary slightly between decks.
      • Left- and right-rear adjustment points are under the deck rim near the rear mower wheels, if equipped.
    • Adjust mower deck front-to-back level, if necessary.
      • Loosen rear nuts equally on each side of front lift rod.
      • Turn front nut equally on each side clockwise to raise front of mower or counterclockwise to lower it until gauge just slips under the front adjustment point.
      • Tighten rear nuts after adjustment is complete.
    • Return the gauge to its storage position. 

    NOTE: The adjusting tool supplied with the tractor is an 8-mm ball-hex key, part number M162737. The rounded end allows for some misalignment with the bolt as the deck is adjusted.

The 54-in. (137-cm) Accel Deep™ (54A) Mower Deck cuts clean and is versatile
    X394 with Accel Deep 54A MowerX394 with Accel Deep 54A Mower
    Accel Deep 54A MowerAccel Deep 54A Mower

    The 54-in. (137-cm) Accel Deep Mower Deck is a stamped-steel, deep, flat-top design that delivers excellent cut quality, productivity, cleanliness, durability, and versatility. Optimal performance and dispersion of clippings is provided, even at faster mowing speeds:

    • 4.83-in. (12.3-cm) depth throughout the entire deck shell for optimum mowing, mulching, and bagging performance
      • Optional MulchControl™ attachment provides superior mulching performance and versatility.
    • Stamped-steel design eliminates sharp edges and corners where material can build up and diminish mowing performance
    • Mower deck is suspended from the vehicle for a smooth and level cut
      • Adjustable mower wheels, positioned just above ground level, help reduce scalping
    Excellent cut quality
    54A Mower top54A Mower top
    54A Mower underside54A Mower underside

    Deep mower-deck stamping gives excellent cut quality. It allows the cut and suspended material room to exit the deck without getting recut:

    • Reducing the amount of re-cutting enables more power to be used to cut incoming grass, which greatly improves mower capacity.
      • Helps maintain excellent cut quality at faster mowing speeds
    • Clean flow of material out of discharge area prevents cut material from interfering with cutting the incoming grass, making it possible for the blades to cut incoming material cleanly.
    • Even in mulching mode, cut evenness is improved compared to other designs because the additional depth allows for continuous circulation, optimal re-cutting, and an even distribution of clippings.
    How MulchControl works
    MulchControl baffle openMulchControl baffle open
    MulchControl baffle closedMulchControl baffle closed

    MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:

    • The MulchControl attachment includes baffles to control the flow of material under the deck.
      • The MulchControl baffle, or divider, between the left and middle spindles is about half way down. The height is designed to balance the mulching and side-discharge modes.
      • When the MulchControl baffle is open, the divider between the left and middle spindles passes a portion of the material to the discharge opening, along with the material from the middle and right spindle areas.
      • When the MulchControl baffle is closed, the material stays within the deck and gets chopped into mulch and deposited in the turf.
    Productivity - getting the job done fast
    Right side of Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckRight side of Accel Deep 54A Mower Deck

    Deep mower-deck stamping gives high productivity, which gets the job done fast. It allows the cut and suspended material room to exit the deck quickly, reducing the amount of re-cutting so more power is available to process incoming grass:

    • Greatly improves mowers capacity to maintain excellent mowing performance in difficult mowing conditions and at higher speeds

    Large discharge opening is both high and wide to handle more material:

    • Gives a smooth, even discharge of clippings at all mowing speeds
    • Reduces the chance of plugging, especially important when operating in wet, thick, or dense grass and when bagging
    • The 54A Power Flow™ blower has an inlet housing with over 20 percent greater area than the 54X Power Flow blower used on previous machines.
    Cleanliness - for the mower and the operator
    Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck
    Accel Deep 54A Mower DeckAccel Deep 54A Mower Deck

    The flat-top shape of the deck stamping is optimal for keeping itself and the operator clean:

    • There are few places to catch and hold material on top and underneath the deck.
      • Top of deck stays cleaner, reducing time and effort needed for cleaning and service
      • Underside of deck is self-cleaning to maintain optimum performance without build-up of material to interfere with the flow of air and clippings
      • Less need to clean and remove build-up of material from underside deck
    • The depth of the Accel Deep mower deck minimizes the amount of material that escapes from the front of the deck
      • Limited amount of material to drift onto the operator and mower deck
      • Even for material discharged out the chute, less re-cutting results in larger pieces that are less likely to end up on the operator
      • Mulching prevents the discharge of material completely and the MulchControl attachment makes mulching a practical solution for most mowing situations.

    Cleaning a mower deck, both top and bottom, is one of the most frequent maintenance activities:

    • The flat-top design reduces places for material to build up and makes material that does collect easy to remove.
    Mower wash portMower wash port
    Mower wash port with hose connectorMower wash port with hose connector

    A wash port is provided to make cleaning the underside of the mower deck easy.

    • Hose connector is included with the mower deck.
    Superior durability is designed in
    Spindle pocket with flip-up coverSpindle pocket with flip-up cover
    Easy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcementEasy-to-adjust mower wheel and mower side reinforcement

    The 54A Mower Deck has strong spindle pockets, to keep the blades aligned, even after years of tough service:

    • Ribs in the deck shell add strength where it is needed.
    • The 54A has a 3 percent heavier overall weight than the Edge™ Xtra 54-in. (137-cm) mower deck used on previous machines.

    Mower wheels are heavy duty:

    • Provides greater strength and durability for longer, trouble-free life.
    • Setting wheels to the correct height for the cutting height quick and easy.

    Low-tension belt-drive design reduces the side load on engine lower bearings and mower deck bearings for longer life.

    The 54A Mower Deck features a 5/8-in. (16-mm) diameter solid-steel rod side bumper that provides extra strength and protection.

    Dual-stage E-coat and powder-paint coatings provide extra protection from rust.

    Versatility - easy to change between side discharge, mulch, and bagging modes

    The 54A Mower is designed for maximum versatility, providing the greatest ease in changing from one mower discharge mode to another:

    • With the optional MulchControl attachment installed (along with the special mulching blades), changing from side-discharge to mulching or vice versa is done with the simple flip of a lever.
    • The Power Flow rear bagger can be used with the MulchControl attachment and blades installed - by simply placing the MulchControl lever in the side-discharge position.
    MulchControl option

    The MulchControl attachment for the 48A Mower Deck makes mulching more practical for many mowing situations because it not only does an excellent job of mulching but it also allows the mower to be easily converted for times when it is more desirable to side discharge or collect the lawn material. Advantages of mulching grass clippings include:

    • A beautiful looking lawn
    • Grass clippings not blown onto the operator, driveways, or flower beds
    • Less fertilizer use
    • Elimination of the effort needed to dispose of clippings
    MulchControl baffle closedMulchControl baffle closed
    MulchControl handleMulchControl handle
    • The MulchControl handle is located on top of the mower deck and used to open and close the discharge baffle.
      • The operator is required to get off of the machine in order to engage or disengage mulch mode.
    • Changing from mulching to side discharge or vice versa takes only a few seconds.

    MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:

    • Usually mulch, but side discharge when grass gets too long
    • Usually side-discharge, but would like to be able to close the chute to control clippings
    • Always mulch a main lawn, but often side discharge secondary lawns
    • Bag clippings, but want to go farther before emptying bags

    MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. Now the operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharge or bagging when needed.

    While in the side-discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side-discharge mode is essentially a partial-mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:

    • When cutting strong southern grasses, such as Zoysia and Bermuda
    • When cutting in wet, high-growth conditions, such as those found in the Pacific Northwest United States
    • When optimum bagging and lawn clean-up is desired
    7-bu (247-L) Power Flow rear bagger
    Optional rear baggerOptional rear bagger
    Power Flow blowerPower Flow blower

    An optional 7-bu (247-L) rear bagger material collection system (MCS) is available. It provides an efficient means of collecting grass clippings and leaves:

    • The Power Flow blower and chute are easy to install. The Power Flow blower swings out for easy cleanout and cleanup.
    • The hopper design provides modern styling, great bagging performance, cleaner operation, and easy-to-empty bags:
      • 7-bu (247-L) capacity
      • Easy-to-attach Power Flow blower (ordered separately)
      • Easy-to-attach chute (ordered separately)
      • Air exhaust duct
      • Convenient spring-latch
      • Airflow fill indicator
      • Quik-Tatch mounting
      • Sealed hopper top
      • Loose-knit bags available


Power steering gives easy turns
    Power steering cylinderPower steering cylinder

    Hydraulic power steering is standard equipment:

    • Provides effortless automotive-like control
    • Reduces operator fatigue and increases productivity
    • Offers a tight turning radius for great maneuverability
    • Adjustable-tilt steering wheel for optimum operator comfort (X584 and X590)



  • Power 24 hp
    17.9 kW
  • Displacement 44.3 cu in.
    726 cc
  • Manufacturer/model FS730V
  • Type Overhead valve, full-pressure lube, oil filter
  • Cylinders V-twin, cast-iron liners
  • Governor Mechanical
  • Choke/speed control Separate levers, automatic choke return
  • Cooling method Air
  • Air cleaner Dry, replaceable with foam precleaner
  • Oil drain No tools

Fuel system

  • Type Gasoline
  • Fuel delivery Pulse pump and carburetor
  • Fuel gauge Gauge on dash
  • Fuel tank location Rear
  • Fuel fill opening On left fender, 3 in.
    7.6 cm
  • Fuel tank capacity 4.4 U.S. gal.
    16.7 L

Electrical system

  • Battery 12 V
    500 CCA
  • Charging system Flywheel alternator, regulated, 15 amp
  • Hourmeter Yes
  • Headlights Two standard, incandescent, 27 W
  • Taillights or reflector Reflectors
  • Backup lights No
  • Rear work lights No
  • 12-V outlet Yes


  • Type K72 hydrostatic integrated with transaxle
  • Control Twin Touch? pedals
  • Cruise control Yes, button on dash
  • Oil cooler Fins and fan on transaxle
  • Oil filter Yes, replaceable
  • Differential lock Standard
  • Forward speed 0-7.2 mph
    0-11.6 km/h
  • Reverse speed 0-5.2 mph
    0-8.4 km/h
  • Brakes Internal wet disc


  • Frame Welded heavy-duty
  • Primer/paint E-coat/powder
  • Weight bracket Standard front and rear - each holds up to four Quik-Tatch weights, 42 lb
    19 kg
  • Receiver hitch No
  • Front axle Cast iron front axle, front wheel ball bearings
  • Spindle bushings Metal, replaceable
  • Front tires 16x6.5-8 turf
  • Rear tires 24x12-12 HDAP
  • Hood material Molded-in color hood material reduces sound, will not rust or dent
  • Fender deck material Stamped steel
  • Floor mats Sure-grip rubber
  • Storage Yes, under seat and covered toolbox
  • Service interval decal Yes
  • Fender handles/grips Handles
  • Cup holder Yes
  • Equipment mounting Yes, heavy duty


  • Type Power, hydraulic
  • All-wheel steer Not available on this model
  • Steering wheel 14 in.
    35.6 cm
  • Tilt steering wheel No
  • Turning radius 22 in.
    55.9 cm
  • Uncut circle radius 24 in.
    61 cm


  • Type Open-back design with grasp
  • Seat back height 15 in.
    38.1 cm
  • Armrests No
  • Fore-aft adjustment While seated, slide rail, 14-position, 7 in.
    17.8 cm
  • Seat suspension Tilt, two coil springs, three-position no-tools adjustment for operator weight

Lift system

  • Type Hydraulic
  • Hydraulic outlets No
  • Mower cut height 13 positions, 1-4 in.
    2.5-10.2 cm
  • Cut height increments 0.25 in.
    0.64 cm
  • Preset cut height Yes

Mower deck

  • Type Side discharge
  • Cutting width 54 in.
    137 cm
  • Construction Stamped steel deck shell
  • Mower deck material 10 gauge
    0.135 in.
    3.4 mm
  • Mower wash port Yes
  • Mower drive system Electric power take-off (PTO) clutch, in-line belt
  • Mower wheels Four
  • Mower wheel adjustment Seven-position, spring-loaded pin
  • Mower level adjustment Exact Adjust ports and onboard deck-leveling gauge

Mower attachability

  • Type Roll under tractor
  • Front draft arms Attached with spring pins at two points
  • Rear draft arms Quick-pull pins
  • Mower wheels rotate Yes, 90 degrees for easy mower removal
  • Drive system Dual belt


  • Meets ANSI standard Yes
  • Meets OPEI standard Yes
  • Backup protection Reverse Implement Option (RIO)
  • Safety video Yes

Buyer's notes

  • Notes Heavy-duty garden tractor transaxle
    Convenient power steering and hydraulic lift
    Built-in front and rear weight bracket
  • Warranty 4 year/500 hour bumper-to-bumper** (**Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model. See the LIMITED WARRANTY FOR NEW JOHN DEERE TURF AND UTILITY EQUIPMENT at JohnDeere.com or JohnDeere.ca/TUWarranty for details.)

Optional equipment

  • Mowers 54XA (standard)
  • Rear bagger 7, 14, 19 bu
    247, 493, 670 L
  • Powered material collection Power Flow? blower
  • Mulching system Yes, MulchControl?
  • Front thatcher 38, 46, 54 in.
    96.5, 116.8, 137.2 cm
  • Front blade 48 in.
    121.9 cm
  • Snow blower Two-stage, 47 in.
    119.4 cm
  • Rotary tiller Mechanical, 30 in.
    76.2 cm
  • Sleeve hitch Yes, implements include box scraper, rear blade, plow, disk, and cultivator
  • Plow, moldboard Yes
  • Box scraper Yes
  • Cultivator Yes
  • Rear blade Yes
  • Sprayer Tow-behind, 15, 25, 45 U.S. gal.
    56.8, 94.6, 170.3 L
    Mounted, 25 U.S. gal.
    94.6 L
  • Spreader 125, 175 lb
    57.7, 79.4 kg
    Mounted, 125 lb
    57.7 kg
  • Front bumper Standard front bumper/weight bracket
  • Brush guard Yes
  • Weather protection Weather enclosure
  • Sun canopy Yes
  • Bucket holder Yes, double bucket
  • Grass striping Lawn striping kit
  • Tractor shovel 40 in.
    101.6 cm
  • Tow-behind tools 19


  • Height 45 in.
    114.3 cm
  • Overall length 79 in.
    201 cm
  • Wheelbase 51.2 in.
    130 cm
  • Width with mower 68.4 in.
    174 cm
  • Width with mower (deflector raised for storage) 59.4 in.
    151 cm
  • Width without mower 41 in.
    104.1 cm
  • Weight Mower, no fuel, 787 lb
    357 kg